Heart Diseases in a Nutshell
Heart disease is not one specific disease. Many types of heart disease exist and many health conditions cause the heart and cardiovascular system to perform poorly.
Types of Heart Disease Include:
Heart Attack - A sudden condition that results from an interruption of the blood supply to the heart or part of the heart.
Stroke - A sudden condition that results from an interruption of the blood supply to the brain or part of the brain.
High Blood Pressure - When the pressure of the blood is too high, causing stress on blood vessels.
Coronary Heart Disease - When atherosclerotic plaques form on the walls of arteries that supply the heart.
Heart Failure/Congestive Heart Failure/Congestive Heart Disease - A condition that usually develops over time where the heart becomes unable to pump a sufficient amount of blood throughout the body, resulting in problems with breathing, kidney function, and excess water accumulation in the body.
Arrhythmia - An irregular heartbeat. Arrhythmia may be either harmless or lead to heart disease.
Cardiomyopathy - A problem with the heart muscle, resulting in reduced function of the heart.
Peripheral Artery Disease/Peripheral Vascular Disease - A condition that results from a decreased blood flow to legs, arms, stomach or kidneys.
Congenital Heart Disease - A heart defect that is present at birth.